(1) the school plans to take (or refuses to take) actions proposed by either the parent or the school district related to the identification, evaluation, or educational placement of the child; or
(2) the school plans to take (or refuses to take) actions proposed by either the parent or the school district related to the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to the child. (34 CFR §300.503(a)).
Prior written notice must include:
- a description of the action proposed or refused by the school;
- an explanation of why the school proposes or refuses to take the action;
- a description of each evaluation procedure, assessment, record, or report the school used as a basis for its decision;
- a statement that the IDEA’s procedural safeguards provide the parents of the child with a disability with rights and procedures for resolving disputes related to the subject matter of the prior written notice, and how the parents can obtain a copy of them;
- resources for parents in order to obtain assistance in understanding these procedures;
- a description of other options that the IEP Team considered and the reasons why those options were rejected; and
- a description of other factors relevant to the school’s proposal or refusal. (§ 300.503(b))
- when the school wants to conduct an initial evaluation of the child;
- when the parent has asked for the child to be evaluated and the school denies the request;
- when the school wants to initiate or change the child’s identification as a "child with a disability;"
- when the school proposes or refuses to provide a particular educational placement for the child;
- when the school wants to change the child’s educational placement;
- when the school wants to change aspects of the special education or related services that the child is receiving; and
- when the school refuses a parent’s request in regard to the educational services the child is receiving.